4 March (Monday)
Nishita Kaal Puja Time : 24:07 to 24:56
Duration: 0 Hour 48 Minute
Maha Shivaratri Parana Time : 06:37 to 15:28 on 5th March
Mahashivratri is one of the biggest festivals of Hindus. As per the South India Panchangam (Amavasyant Panchang), Maha Shivratri is celebrated on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight in the Magha month. On the other hand, as per the almanac of North India (Purnimant Panchang), festival of Maha Shivaratri is observed on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight in the Falgun month.
As per the Panchangam of both North as well as South, Mahashivaratri occurs on the same day. Hence, according to Gregorian Calendar, the date remains same in the entire India. On this day, devotees of Shiva worship him by offering Bael leaves to the Shivling, keeping fast, and staying awake whole night.
In order to observe Mahashivratri Vrat (fasting), following rules are mentioned in our scriptures:
Lord of the Chaturdashi Tithi (fourteenth day as per Hindu Panchang) is Shiva himself. That is why, in every Hindu month, the fourteenth day of dark fortnight is celebrated as Masik Shivratri (monthly night of the Shiva). In astrological classics, this day is considered extremely auspicious. As per the calculations of mathematical part of astrology, Mahashivratri takes place when Sun gets in Uttarayana and change of season also goes on. Astrology tells that on the fourteenth day, Moon gets weaker. As Lord Shiva has established Moon over his forehead, worshipping Him empowers the Moon of the worshipper. As Moon is the significator of mind, it gives an additional benefit. In other words, worshipping Shiva gives strength to the will-power and induces unbeatable valor as well as toughness in the devotee.