When is Mahashivratri in 2019?

4 March (Monday)

Mahashivratri Puja Muhurat For New Delhi, India
Nishita Kaal Puja Time : 24:07 to 24:56
Duration: 0 Hour 48 Minute
Maha Shivaratri Parana Time : 06:37 to 15:28 on 5th March

Mahashivratri is one of the biggest festivals of Hindus. As per the South India Panchangam (Amavasyant Panchang), Maha Shivratri is celebrated on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight in the Magha month. On the other hand, as per the almanac of North India (Purnimant Panchang), festival of Maha Shivaratri is observed on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight in the Falgun month.

As per the Panchangam of both North as well as South, Mahashivaratri occurs on the same day. Hence, according to Gregorian Calendar, the date remains same in the entire India. On this day, devotees of Shiva worship him by offering Bael leaves to the Shivling, keeping fast, and staying awake whole night.

Mahashivratri Vrat Rules According To Scriptures

In order to observe Mahashivratri Vrat (fasting), following rules are mentioned in our scriptures:

  1. If the entire Nishithkaal is coming under Chaturdashi Tithi (fourteenth day as per Hindu Panchang) on the very first day, Mahashivratri is celebrated on the same day. The eighth Muhurat of night is called Nishith Kaal. In other words, if the eighth Muhurat of night is falling under Chaturdashi Tithi the first day, Mahashivratri is celebrated on that day only.
  2. If, on the next day, Chaturdashi Tithi touches the first part of the Nishithkaal and on the first day the Nishith Kaal is entirely coming under Chaturdashi Tithi, Mahashivratri is celebrated on the first day.
  3. Apart from the above mentioned 2 conditions, the fast will always be observed on the next day.
Mahashivratri Vrat Puja Vidhi
  1. Fill an earthen pot with water or milk. Put some Bael leaves, flowers of Datura-Aak, rice, etc. in it and then offer it on Shiva Ling. If there is no Shiv temple around then worship should be done by creating a Shivaling with mud at home.
  2. On this day, one should recite Shiv Purana and chant Mahamrityunjaya or 5-letter Mantra of Shiva ?Om Namah Shivaya?. Additionally, one should stay awake throughout the night of Mahashivratri.
  3. As per the classical rituals, the best time to perform Mahashivratri Pujan is ?Nishith Kaal?. However, devotees can perform the Puja during all 4 Prahars of the night as per their convenience.
Astrological Viewpoint On Mahashivratri

Lord of the Chaturdashi Tithi (fourteenth day as per Hindu Panchang) is Shiva himself. That is why, in every Hindu month, the fourteenth day of dark fortnight is celebrated as Masik Shivratri (monthly night of the Shiva). In astrological classics, this day is considered extremely auspicious. As per the calculations of mathematical part of astrology, Mahashivratri takes place when Sun gets in Uttarayana and change of season also goes on. Astrology tells that on the fourteenth day, Moon gets weaker. As Lord Shiva has established Moon over his forehead, worshipping Him empowers the Moon of the worshipper. As Moon is the significator of mind, it gives an additional benefit. In other words, worshipping Shiva gives strength to the will-power and induces unbeatable valor as well as toughness in the devotee.

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