Gayatri is the mother of all the vedas. Gayatri pervades everywhere. Gayatri consists of three deities, Gayatri, Savitri, and Saraswati. Of these, the first one is master of the sense, the second is the teacher of truth, and the third is the master of speech. Hence it is a Trinity of the senses, the mind, and speech. She is the Param Sakti (i.e., the sustaining Force that animates all life), the universal mother and the power of god manifestation. She is depicted as sitting on a lotus with the five faces (hence called the Punchamukhi) representing the panca pranas (five basic energy or life forms) and the panca tatwas (five elements) and the ten hands holding the various ayudas (weapons).
Shri Gayatri Pooja is performed with a specific count of chant or jaap of Shri Gayatri Mantra. Shri Gayatri Puja is generally performed for overall financial prosperity, good character and conduct and good knowledge for the native. Shri Gayatri Puja is generally started on a Tuesday and it is generally completed on the following Tuesday where the day of start of a Shri Gayatri Pooja can sometimes change depending upon the time which is required by the Pandits doing this pooja to complete the chant of Shri Gayatri Mantra. Generally the Pandits are able to complete this chant or Jaap of Shri Gayatri Mantra in 7 days and hence this pooja is generally started on a Tuesday and it is completed on the following Tuesday and all the necessary steps for this pooja are conducted during this time which is Tuesday to Tuesday. Shri Gayatri Puja vidhi or procedure may include many different steps at many stages and it is not possible to mention all of these steps here but we will cover most of the important steps for this pooja.
Gayatri Mantra is a sacred mantra comprising of praise, meditation, and prayer. First the Divine is praised, then It is meditated upon in reverence, and finally an appeal is made to the Divine to awaken and strengthen the intellect, the discriminating faculty of man. Gayatri is a Mantra devi, the manifestation of all the beeja mantras (i.e., is the shortest form of a Mantra just like a beej (seed) which when sown grows into a tree). Similarly beej mantras of different Gods, when recited together give humans lot of positive energy and blessings of all the Gods. They are the vibrations, and represent the “call” of the soul. The presiding deities of the Gayatri mantra are Gayatri, Savitri and Saraswati.
Gayatri Havan is an intensive way chanting Gayatri mantra and initiates one to form a close bond with Gayatri by creating a conscious flow of subtle energy within one’s body. This will empower various aspects of one’s personality – intelligence, beauty, speech, health, etc – which will naturally reflect in one’s actions and growth.
Gayatri Homa assists to ward off all misery, protect one from harm, bestow one with an incomparable inner strength which can only be experienced and cannot be explained, illuminate one’s intellect and gain of peace of mind. Besides, the effect of bad karma is also reduced and good karma facilitated.
It should be noted that apart from the personal benefit you gain, when one chants Gayatri, one’s family and everybody else also gain. Gayatri is the spirit behind the slogan of Sanatana Dharma “LokaSamastha Sukhino Bhavantu” meaning let the all the people of this world be happy.
It should be noted here that a Shri Gayatri Puja can be done in the presence of the native as well as in the absence of the native and in case the native is unable to be personally present at the place of Shri Gayatri Puja, this pooja is conducted with the help of native’s photograph or Picture in which the native should be alone and no one else should be present in the picture and this picture should be as recent as possible. In this case, the main Pandit will take the sankalp for Shri Gayathri Pooja on behalf of the native in the presence of his photograph or picture. The name of native’s father and the surname of his family is spoken in the sankalpam and it is also mentioned by the main Pandit that this native is unable to attend to this pooja by means of his personal presence and hence a specific Pandit whose name and surname is mentioned, will be performing all the rituals to be performed by the native on behalf of the native. It should be noted here that this Pandit is one of the Pandits who are going to do a chant of 125,000 Shri Gayatri Mantra for the native. This way the rituals to be performed by the native at the starting day and completion day of Shri Gayatri Puja are performed by the chosen Pandit and it is conveyed by him on both of these days that he is performing these rituals on behalf of the native whose photograph is always kept present during the puja and it is used as a symbol of the native. For example, if the chosen Pandit is supposed to offer flower to Lord Shiva, he will first touch his hand carrying the flowers with the picture of the native and then he will offer those flowers to Lord Shiva and all other rituals are also performed likewise. It is important to note here that even if the native is personally not present for his Shri Gayatri Puja, he is strictly supposed to practice all the necessary and above mentioned precautions for his Shri Gayathri Puja, in whichever part of the world he may be present during the running time of such Shri Gayathri Pooja. The native should also keep on repeating his Sankalpam for Shri Gayatri Puja on daily basis as mentioned above and he should ask for the best results of this pooja from goddess Gayatri.
Completing a Vedic Shri Gayatri Pooja with a chant of 125,000 Veda mantras of Gayatri and doing it with due procedure, dedication and devotion can definitely bring good results for the native whereas missing important steps of puja or altering the Shri Gayatri Pooja vidhi or procedure in an improper way may reduce the benefic results of such Shri Gayatri Puja from some extent to great extent.